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WAVEWATCH III References

IMPORTANT NOTICE REGARDING THE WAVEWATCH III® MULTI-1 WEBSITE

The EMC WAVEWATCH III® global wave model Multi-1 was decommissioned in NCEP operations on March 22, 2021. It has been replaced by a new configuration of the WAVEWATCH III global wave model, called GFS-Wave, and coupled to the Global Forecast System (GFSv16), as part of the Unified Forecast System.

THIS WEBSITE IS NOT DISPLAYING MULTI-1 OR GFS-WAVE GRAPHICS

It is being maintained for archival and verification purposes only.

Here are the details (PDF) on how this will affect users of this site.

Output of the new GFS-Wave model is available on NOMADS and Production FTP

*under gfs.YYYYMMDD/CC/wave/gridded and gfs.YYYYMMDD/CC/wave/station

Graphics of the GFS-Wave model output will become available some time in April on the Model Analysis and Guidance (MAG) site under GFS-Wave. Note that the current WW3 link on that page is to the discontinued Multi-1 wave model and will not be updated.

NOTICE: The Global Wave Ensemble System (GWES) was discontinued on 23 Sep 2020 and has been replaced by an improved GEFS-Waves, consisting of a one-way nesting of the WAVEWATCH III system with the recently upgraded GFS Ensemble Forecast System. The NOAA press release on the upgrade is here, and information on GEFS is available here.

The GEFSv12 Service Change Notice (issued 8/20/2020, PDF) is here, and you can find information on the evaluation of the GEFS-Waves portion of the GEFS system in the Model Evaluation Group (MEG) Summary page on the GEFSv12 upgrade here.

The model data is available four times a day (0, 6, 12, 18)Z from:
  • Production FTP (gefs.YYYYMMDD -->cycle-->waves)
  • NOMADS (Ocean Models-->GFS Ensemble Wave-->(grib filter or https file download).
Details on the products can be found here (scroll down to GEFS - Wave - Global).

Papers

  • Alves, J. H. G. M., Y. Y. Chao and H. L. Tolman, 2005: The Operational North Atlantic Hurricane Wind-Wave Forecasting System at NOAA/NCEP. NOAA / NWS / NCEP / MMAB Technical Note Nr. 244, 59 pp (5.0 MB pdf file)

  • Caplan, P. J, Derber, W. Gemmill, S.-Y. Hong, H.-L. Pan and D. Parish, 1997: Changes to the 1995 NCEP operational medium-range forecast model analysis/forecast system. Wea. Forecasting., 12, 581-594.
  • Chao. Y. Y., L. D. Burroughs, and H. L. Tolman, 2003a: The North Atlantic hurricane wind wave forecasting system. NWS/NCEP Technical Procedures Bulletin 478.

  • Chao. Y. Y., L. D. Burroughs, and H. L. Tolman, 2003b: Wave forecasting for the Eastern North Pacific and adjacent waters. NWS/NCEP Technical Procedures Bulletin 491.

  • Chao. Y. Y., L. D. Burroughs, and H. L. Tolman, 2003c: Wave forecasting for the Western North Atlantic and adjacent waters. NWS/NCEP Technical Procedures Bulletin 495.

  • Chao, Y. Y., L.D. Burroughs, and H. L. Tolman, 2003d: Wave forecasting for Alaskan waters. NWS/NCEP Technical Procedures Bulletin 496.

  • Chao, Y.Y., and H.L. Tolman, 2000: Numerical experiments on predicting hurricane generated wind waves. Preprints 6th international workshop on wave hindcasting and forecasting, Environment Canada, 167-179.

  • Chao, Y. Y., and H. L. Tolman, 2001: Specification of hurricane wind fields for ocean wave prediction. Ocean Wave Measurement and Analysis, San Francisco, CA, B. L. Edge and J. M. Hemsley, Eds., ASCE, 671-679.

  • Chen, H. S., L. D. Burroughs, and H. L. Tolman, 2003: Ocean surface waves. NWS/NCEP Technical Procedures Bulletin 494.

  • Derber, J.C., Parish, D.F. and Lord, S.J., 1991: The new global operational analysis system at the National Meteorological Center. Wea. Forecasting , 6, 538-547.

  • Gerling, T.W., 1992: Partitioning sequences and arrays of directional wave spectra into component wave systems. J. Atmos. Ocean. Techn. , 9, 444-458.

  • Grumbine, R.W., 1996: Automated passive microwave sea ice concentration analysis at NCEP. NWS/NCEP/OMB technical note 120, 13pp.

  • Kanamitsu, M., 1989 Description of the NMC global data assimilation and forecast system. Wea. Forecasting, 4, 335-243.

  • Kanamitsu, M., Alpert, J.C., Campana, K.A., Caplan, M.P., Deaven, D.G., Iredell, M., Katz, B., Pan, H.-L., Sela, J. and White, G.H., 1991: Recent changes implemented into the global forecast system at NMC. Wea. Forecasting , 6, 425-435.

  • Tolman, H. L., 1995: On the selection of propagation schemes for a spectral wind wave model. NWS/NCEP Office Note 411, 30 pp. + figures.

  • Tolman, H. L., 1998a: Validation of NCEP's ocean winds for the use in wind wave models. Global Atmosphere and Ocean System, 6, 243-268.

  • Tolman, H. L., 1998b: Validation of a new global wave forecast system at NCEP. In: Ocean Wave Measurements and Analysis, B.L. Edge and J.M. Helmsley, Eds., ASCE, 777-786.

  • Tolman, H. L., 1999: User manual and system documentation of WAVEWATCH-III version 1.18. NOAA / NWS / NCEP / OMB technical note 166, 110 pp. (0.76 MB pdf file).

  • Tolman, H. L., 2001: Improving propagation in ocean wave models. Ocean Wave Measurement and Analysis, San Francisco, CA, B. L. Edge and J. M. Hemsley, Eds., ASCE, 507-516.

  • Tolman, H. L., 2002a: Distributed memory concepts in the wave model WAVEWATCH III. Parallel Computing, 28, 35-52.

  • Tolman, H. L., 2002b: Validation of WAVEWATCH III version 1.15 for a global domain. NOAA / NWS / NCEP / OMB Technical Note Nr. 213, 33 pp. (2.7 MB pdf file).
  • Tolman, H. L., 2002c: Alleviating the Garden Sprinkler Effect in wind wave models. Ocean Modelling, 4, 269-289.

  • Tolman, H.L. 2002d: Limiters in third-generation wind wave models. Global Atmos. and Ocean. System, 8, 67-83.

  • Tolman, H. L., 2002e: Testing of WAVEWATCH III version 2.22 in NCEP's NWW3 ocean wave model suite. NOAA / NWS / NCEP / OMB Technical Note Nr. 214, 99 pp. (13 MB color pdf, also available in grey scale).

  • Tolman, H. L., 2002f: User manual and system documentation of WAVEWATCH-III version 2.22. NOAA / NWS / NCEP / OMB technical note 222, 133 pp. (0.89 MB pdf file).
  • Tolman, H. L., 2002g: The 2002 release of WAVEWATCH III. Preprints 7th International Workshop on Wave Hindcasting and Forecasting, Banff, Canada, 188-197.

  • Tolman, H. L., 2003a: Treatment of unresolved islands and ice in wind wave models. Ocean Modelling, 5, 219-231.

  • Tolman, H. L., 2003b: Optimum Discrete Interaction Approximations for wind waves. Part I: mapping using inverse modeling. . NOAA / NWS / NCEP / OMB technical note 227, 57 pp. + Appendices (3.8 MB pdf file).
  • Tolman, H. L., 2003c: Running WAVEWATCH III on a Linux cluster. NOAA / NWS / NCEP / MMAB Technical Note 228, 27 pp (0.55 MB pdf file).
  • Tolman, H. L., J. H. G. M. Alves and Y. Y. Chao, 2004: A review of operational forecasing of wind generated waves by hurricane Isabel at NCEP. NOAA / NWS / NCEP / MMAB Technical Note Nr. 235, 45 pp (6.6 MB pdf file).
  • Tolman, H. L., B. Balasubramaniyan, L. D. Burroughs, D. V. Chalikov, Y. Y. Chao, H. S. Chen, and V. M. Gerald, 2002: Development and implementation of wind generated ocean surface wave models at NCEP. Weather and Forecasting, 17, 311-333.

  • Tolman, H. L., and N. Booij, 1998: Modeling wind waves using wavenumber-direction spectra and a variable wavenumber grid. Global Atmosphere and Ocean System, 6, 295-309.

  • Tolman, H. L., and D. V. Chalikov, 1994: Development of a third-generation ocean wave model at NOAA-NMC. Proc. Waves - Physical and numerical modelling , M. Isaacson and M.C. Quick Eds., Vancouver, 724-733.

  • Tolman, H. L., and D. V. Chalikov, 1996: Source terms in a third-generation wind-wave model. J. Phys. Oceanogr, 26, 2497-2518.

  • Wingeart, K. M., W. C. O'Reilly, T. H. C. Herbers, P. A. Wittmann, R. E. Jenssen, and H. L. Tolman, 2001: Validation of operational global wave prediction models with spectral buoy data. Ocean Wave Measurement and Analysis, San Francisco, CA, B. L. Edge and J. M. Hemsley, Eds., ASCE, 590-599.

Documentation of Model Changes

Other Online Presentations

  • NOAA WAVEWATCH III, How to use the web page. July 2000.

  • Southern Region Marine Forecasters Training Workshop slides March 2002, or pdf handouts (1.6Mb).

  • Western Region Marine Forecasters Training Workshop slides May 2003, or pdf handouts (1.4Mb).

  • New England Marine Workshop slides October 2002, or pdf handouts (0.6Mb).

  • Mid-Atlantic Region Workshop PDF handout (1.4Mb), June 2003. Slides from 7th Int. Workshop on Wave Hindcasting and Forecasting, Oct. 20-25, 2002, Banff, Canada.

  • Slides from Caribbean wave and storm surge workshop, first presentation, June. 16-20, 2003, Halifax, Canada (pdf).

  • Slides from Caribbean wave and storm surge workshop, second presentation, June. 16-20, 2003, Halifax, Canada (pdf).


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Page last modified: Monday, 17-Sep-2007 15:58:51 UTC