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The Global RTOFS ocean model is based on an eddy resolving 1/12° global HYCOM (HYbrid Coordinates Ocean Model) (Chassignet et al., 2009) and is part of a larger national backbone capability of ocean modeling at NWS in a strong partnership with US Navy. The Global RTOFS ocean model became operational 25 October 2011.
Based on the successful design of the existing operational Atlantic RTOFS model (Mehra and Rivin, 2010), the global ocean forecast system runs once a day and produces 2-day nowcasts and 6-day forecasts using the daily initialization fields produced at NAVOCEANO using NCODA, a 3D multi-variate data assimilation methodology (Cummings, 2005). The data types assimilated include in situ profiles of temperature and salinity from a variety of sources and remotely sensed SST, SSH and sea-ice concentrations. The operational ocean model configuration has 32 hybrid layers and a horizontal grid size of (4500 x 3298) . The grid has an Arctic bi-polar patch north of 47°N and a Mercator projection south of 47°N through 78.6°S (Figure 1 below). The coastline is fixed at 10 m isobath with open Bering Straits. The potential temperature is referenced to 2000 m depth (sigma-2) and the first level is fixed at 1 m depth. The dynamic ocean model is coupled to a thermodynamic energy loan ice model and uses the KPP mixed layer formulation (Large et al., 1994). The forecast system is forced with 3-hourly momentum, radiation and precipitation fluxes from the operational Global Forecast System (GFS) fields.
Results include daily volume and 3 hourly surface fields in netCDF format with CF conventions. Some surface fields in GRIB format are also generated for internal use at NWS.Figure 1: Grid for the global ocean forecast system with each cell representing 54th row and 75th column of the grid. Figure 2: Salinity in the Global RTOFS model along the meridional P-14 WOCE section.
In-house analysis and initialization of this system at NCEP using a 3DVAR data assimilation will be developed in time for the next machine (hardware) upgrade expected in 2014. Long term plans also include providing initial and boundary conditions to existing operational regional and coupled hurricane forecast systems at NCEP. A coarser version will also serve as the ocean component of a future climate forecast system.
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National Weather Service
National Centers for Environmental Prediction
Environmental Modeling Center
Marine Modeling and Analysis Branch
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Camp Springs, Maryland 20746-4304 USA
Page last modified: Friday, 05-Oct-2012 19:02:29 UTC